International Labour day or Worker’s day globally is celebrated on 1 May every year. It’s a celebration for the labour class to recognize their hard work and efforts. It is a public holiday in many countries across the globe.
The history of the Labour Day dates back to 1 May, 1886. In the past, industrialists used to exploit the labour class for 15 hours a day. The workers rose again and asked for the paid leaves, proper wages and breaks for the workers. The eight-hour day labour movement advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest.
In India, the first Labour Day, or May Day, was celebrated in 1923 in Chennai. During the second decade of the twentieth century, India was witnessing major political upheavals. The Gandhian mode of nationalist struggle had taken off and the Communist movement too was marking its initial presence in the country.
On 1 May, 1923, prominent Communist leader Malayapuram Singaravelu Chettiar raised the red flag in Chennai, marking the beginning of communism in India. The day also symbolizes an introduction to the May Day celebrations
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